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Aruba Geography


Aruba is a small Caribbean island (180 km²), located 25 km north of the coast of Venezuela and 68 km northwest of Curaçao, the largest island of the Netherlands Antilles.

Aruba is a generally flat, riverless island in the Leeward Antilles island arc of the Lesser Antilles. Aruba is renowned for its white, sandy beaches on the western and southern coasts of the island, relatively sheltered from fierce ocean currents, and this is where most tourist development has taken place. The northern and eastern coasts, lacking this protection, are considerably more battered by the sea and have been left largely untouched by humans. The hinterland of the island features some rolling hills, the best known of which are called Hooiberg at 165 m (541 ft) and Mount Jamanota, the highest on the island at 188 m (617 ft) above sea level. Oranjestad is the capital of Aruba.

Aruba’s tropical marine climate varies little seasonally, with an average annual temperature of 27°C (80.6°F), varying from about 26°C (78.8°F) in January to 29°C (84.2°F) in July.

Most rain brought by the prevailing easterly winds of the region falls on the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, leaving Aruba with a very dry climate. Rainfall averages 510 mm (20.1 in) or less annually, and the island’s residents rely on one of the world’s largest desalination plants for most of their drinking water. The rainy season occurs between October and December. Aruba lies outside the hurricane belt.


Location :
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates :
12 30 N, 69 58 W

Map references :
Central America and the Caribbean

Area :
total: 180 sq km
land: 180 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries :
0 km

Coastline :
68.5 km

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